By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA Senior U.S. and Russian officials held talks on Wednesday aimed at agreeing on how to separate al Qaeda-linked militants from rebel fighters in the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo so as to pave the way for a ceasefire.Michael Ratney, the U.S. special envoy for Syria, led Washington's delegation while Moscow sent military experts whose names were not released. It was not clear if the talks would continue on Thursday.The Russians and Americans were joined by officials from regional powers such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar, but not Syria's ally Iran which was not invited, a Western diplomat said. "The idea is to engage the Russians in a discussion on the issue," the Western diplomat said before the meeting.The Geneva talks follow a meeting between the United States and its allies on Tuesday that sought to coordinate efforts toward a new ceasefire after Russia, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's more powerful ally, unexpectedly announced it had halted air strikes on rebel-held areas of Aleppo. Russia favours a U.N. proposal to evacuate jihadists belonging to the Jabhat Fateh al-Sham militant group, formerly known as al-Nusra, from the besieged zone of eastern Aleppo in return for a ceasefire.“Important countries, like Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar, which have influence over the mainstream rebel groups, are in a position to suggest to those groups to tell the al-Nusra fighters that it is time to go to Idlib and therefore take away any alleged justification, or alibi, for the heavy bombing of urban areas of eastern Aleppo,” the U.N. special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, told Swedish daily Svenska Dagbladet.
Idlib is a largely rebel-held area of northwestern Syria.Russia has said a planned eight-hour ceasefire on Thursday will be extended if other rebels clearly distance themselves from Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, but it will not prolong the pause unilaterally.“The Russians have no interest in getting to a point where they have to participate in the destruction of a city in order to fight a small group of fighters listed as terrorists by the U.N. and be remembered in history for that," de Mistura said.
The last ceasefire fell apart in September, since when Russian and Syrian forces have undertaken a massive bombing campaign against eastern Aleppo in which hospitals have been destroyed and hundreds of civilians killed.Assad argues that his forces have a constitutional duty to protect the civilian population and rid the city of "terrorists".The task of separating "moderate" rebels from Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, designated as a terrorist group by the U.N., is complicated because they have long fought side-by-side and there is little agreement on the number of their combatants in Aleppo.The United Nations says there are up to 900 Jabhat Fateh al-Sham fighters out of 8,000 rebels in eastern Aleppo in total, but diplomatic sources have told Reuters there are far fewer, probably a maximum of 200.
"They are calling the shots in Aleppo," one aid official told Reuters. (Reporting by Stephanie Nebehay; editing by Tom Miles and Mark Heinrich)
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