Washington: Nasa has opened registration for a new USD 1 million prize competition that seeks to develop the capabilities of humanoid robots to help astronauts on the journey to Mars.
The Space Robotics Challenge competition is designed to push the boundaries of robotic dexterity, Nasa said.
With the technology generated by this challenge, robots could participate in precursor missions to selected landing
sites, arriving long before astronauts to set up habitats, life support systems, communications and solar apparatuses, and even begin preliminary scientific research.
Teams must programme a virtual robot, modelled after Nasa's Robonaut 5 (R5) robot, to complete a series of tasks in a simulation that includes periods of latency to represent communications delay from Earth to Mars.
Though some dexterity has been developed for Earth-based robotics systems using hydraulics, such robots cannot be used in space because of the below-freezing temperatures and the harsh environment of planetary surfaces.
The R5 uses elastics technology instead of hydraulics – an innovative way of addressing the problems of operating in space.
This technology could also benefit humankind on Earth, as they could operate under dangerous or extreme environments on our home planet, Nasa said.
"Precise and dexterous robotics, able to work with a communications delay, could be used in spaceflight and ground missions to Mars and elsewhere for hazardous and complicated tasks, which will be crucial to support our astronauts," said Monsi Roman, programme manager of Nasa's Centennial Challenges.
"Nasa and our partners are confident the public will rise to this challenge, and are excited to see what innovative technologies will be produced," said Roman.
The competition organised by Nasa in partnership with Space Center Houston and NineSigma, a global innovation consultant organisation, will be held in a virtual environment.
Each team's R5 will be challenged with resolving the aftermath of a dust storm that has damaged a Martian habitat.
This involves three objectives: aligning a communications dish, repairing a solar array and fixing a habitat leak.
The qualifying round for the Space Robotics Challenge will run from mid-September to mid-November.
Finalists of that round will be announced in December and will engage in open practice from January to early June 2017.
The final virtual competition will be held in June 2017, and winners will be announced at the end of June.
Software developed through this challenge will be transferable across other robotics systems, allowing the technology produced to be used both with older robotics models, such as the Robonaut 2, and any future models developed, Nasa said.