By Steve Holland and Kiyoshi Takenaka
| NEW YORK
NEW YORK U.S. President-elect Donald Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe held a hastily-arranged meeting on Thursday in an attempt to smooth relations following Trump's campaign rhetoric that cast doubt on long-standing U.S. alliances.The meeting began at Trump Tower in Manhattan, a Trump transition official said. It was the president-elect's first face-to-face conversation with a foreign leader since his election on Nov. 8.On Wednesday, basic logistics such as the time, the place, and who would be in the room were still up in the air, causing anxiety for Japanese officials who are already nervous about the future strength of a alliance that is core to Tokyo's diplomacy and security.Abe and other Asian leaders were alarmed at Trump's pledge during his election campaign to make allies pay more for help from U.S. forces, his suggestion that Japan should acquire its own nuclear weapons, and his staunch opposition to the Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP, trade deal.A brash outsider who has never held public office, Trump has been consumed since winning last week's election with working out who will occupy senior positions in his administration.Trump has been holed up in Manhattan's Trump Tower meeting with people who could fill senior roles on his governing team. On Saturday, he plans to meet with Mitt Romney, the Republican nominee in the 2012 presidential election, and may discuss bringing him on as secretary of state, a source familiar with the meeting said. The source had earlier said the meeting would take place on Sunday.It would be an extraordinary turn of events, given that Romney called Trump a "fraud" and urged Republicans to vote for anyone but the real estate magnate while the party was picking its presidential nominee.Trump mocked Romney on the campaign trail, saying he "choked like a dog" during his unsuccessful run against President Barack Obama.INFORMAL MEETING?
Trump official Kellyanne Conway sought to convey a sense of an informal first encounter with Abe, telling reporters it would not include any "diplomatic agreements" out of deference to Obama, who does not hand over to Trump until Jan. 20."Any deeper conversations about policy and the relationship between Japan and the United States will have to wait until after the inauguration," she said in an interview with CBS.Nevertheless, the last-minute arrangements were unsettling for the Japanese. Abe is a veteran lawmaker who worked closely with Obama on the 12-nation TPP trade pact, which was part of Obama's push to counter the rising strength of China and was a pillar of Abe's economic reforms.Before leaving Tokyo, Abe said he wanted to build trust with Trump. He told reporters that the U.S.-Japan alliance "is the cornerstone of Japan's diplomacy and security. Only when there is trust does an alliance come alive."Trump fanned worries in Tokyo and beyond with his campaign comments on the possibility of Japan acquiring nuclear arms and demands that allies pay more for the upkeep of U.S. forces on their soil or face their possible withdrawal.A Trump adviser said earlier this week he expected the president-elect to reaffirm "the American commitment to being in the Pacific long term."
The question of financial support for U.S. troops based in Japan was unlikely to be a focus at the meeting with Abe, the adviser said. Asked whether the issue would be raised, Conway told CBS: "Maybe they'll discuss that today."ABE TO STRESS ALLIANCE
Abe adviser Katsuyuki Kawai told Reuters he had spoken to several Trump advisers and lawmakers since arriving in Washington on Monday and had been told: "We don’t have to take each word that Mr. Trump said publicly literally.""Prime Minister Abe will definitely talk about the importance of the Japan-U.S. alliance and that alliance is not only for Japan and the United States, but also for the entire Indo-Pacific region as well as world politics," he said.
Abe has boosted Japan's overall defence spending since taking office in 2012, while stretching the limits of its pacifist postwar constitution to allow the military to take a bigger global role. Defence spending still stands at just over 1 percent of GDP compared with more than 3 percent in the United States.The United States is projected to spend $5.745 billion for U.S. forces in Japan in the current 2017 fiscal year. According to Japan’s Defence Ministry, Tokyo’s expenses related to U.S. troops stationed in Japan totalled about 720 billion yen ($6.6 billion) in the year that ended in March.Some of Trump's campaign rhetoric suggested an image of Japan forged in the 1980s, when Tokyo was seen by many in the United States as a threat to jobs and a free-rider on defence.The Trump adviser who spoke earlier in the week stressed a more positive view."Frankly, the prime minister has been more assertive and forthright in trying to make those changes to Japan’s global posture," he said. "I think he’s going to get a very receptive audience there."Abe was expected to see Obama at a summit in Peru on the weekend. Hours before Abe and Trump were due to meet in New York, Obama's secretary of state, John Kerry, and Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida met in Lima to discuss the Paris climate accord - a deal Trump has pledged to exit.Some diplomats say that until Trump makes key appointments, it will be hard to assess his policies on security issues ranging from overseas deployments of U.S. troops, China's maritime assertiveness and the North Korean nuclear threat.Trump met on Thursday with South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley, a potential choice for secretary of state.The Trump transition team issued a statement praising the "phenomenal record" of U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama, a loyalist touted for the Pentagon and other Cabinet jobs, but said: "Nothing has been finalised and he is still talking with others." (Additional reporting by Linda Sieg, Nobuhiro Kubo and William Mallard in Tokyo; David Brunnstrom, Doina Chiacu, Matt Spetalnick and Susan Heavey in Washington; Writing by Roberta Rampton and Richard Cowan; Editing by Alistair Bell and Peter Cooney)
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