Parliament attack convict Mohammed Afzal Guru was hanged on today at the Tihar jail in New Delhi. Following is the chronology of events leading to the Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorist’s execution:
13 December, 2001: Five terrorists enter Parliament complex and open indiscriminate fire, killing nine people and injuring over 15.
15 December, 2001: Delhi Police pick up Afzal Guru, a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM), from Jammu and Kashmir. SAR Geelani of Delhi University’s Zakir Hussain College picked up for questioning and later arrested. Two others – Afsan Guru and her husband Shaukat Hussain Guru -were picked up later.
29 December, 2001: Afzal Guru sent to 10-day police remand.
4 June, 2002: Charges are framed against four people -Afzal Guru, Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru, Afsan Guru and Geelani.
18 December, 2002: Death sentence given to SAR Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru and Afzal Guru, while Afsan Guru is let off.
30 August, 2003: Jaish-e-Muhammad leader Ghazi Baba, prime accused in the attack, is killed in an encounter with the Border Security Force (BSF) in Srinagar. Three more militants along with him are also killed in the 10-hour encounter.
29 October, 2003: Geelani acquitted in the case.
4 August, 2005: The Supreme Court, while confirming the death sentence of Afzal Guru, commutes Shaukat Hussain Guru’s death sentence to 10 years of rigorous imprisonment.
26 September, 2006: Delhi court orders Afzal to be hanged.
3 October, 2006: Afzal Guru’s wife Tabasum Guru files a mercy petition with then President A P J Abdul Kalam.
12 January, 2007: The Supreme Court dismisses Afzal Guru’s plea seeking review of his death sentence, saying “there is no merit” in it.
19 May, 2010: Delhi government rejects Afzal Guru’s mercy petition; endorses capital punishment awarded to him by the Supreme Court.
30 December, 2010: Shaukat Hussain Guru released from Delhi’s Tihar Jail.
10 December, 2012: Home minister Sushil Kumar Shinde says he would examine Afzal Guru’s file after Parliament’s Winter session concludes on December 22.
3 February, 2013: President Pranab Mukherjee rejects Afzal Guru’s mercy petition
9 February, 2013: Afzal Guru hanged in Tihar Jail.