As Supreme Court bans instant triple talaq in India, a look at stats: 75% of divorced Muslims are women

The Supreme Court, in a landmark verdict on 22 August, 2017, struck down the practice of triple talaq. A constitutional bench of five judges, belonging to different faiths — Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism — ruled by a 3:2 majority that there was no constitutional protection for triple talaq.

The bench heard seven petitions filed by Muslim women challenging the 1,400-year-old practice, including by one who was divorced on WhatsApp. In India, for every divorced Muslim man, there are four divorced Muslim women, IndiaSpend reported on 15 October, 2016, analysing Census 2011 data.

Muslim women across India celebrated after a Supreme Court bench booted out instant triple talaq in India. Getty Images

Muslim women across India celebrated after a Supreme Court bench booted out instant triple talaq in India. Getty Images

Arguing that triple talaq is discriminatory and arbitrary, Justices Rohinton Fali Nariman and U U Lalit struck down the practice in their judgment which went on to form the majority verdict.

“Triple Talaq, is within the meaning of the expression “laws in force” in Article 13(1) and must be struck down as being void,” the two judges ruled.

Article 13 (1) mandates that all laws in the country existing prior to the Constitution that came into effect in 1950, found to be inconsistent with the fundamental rights prescribed therein, are to be treated as void.

Heading the SC bench, chief justice JS Khehar and Justice Abdul Nazeer differed from Justices Nariman and Lalit, on the grounds that the court cannot interfere in matters of personal laws which are a fundamental right as per the constitution.


Writing the minority judgement, CJI Khehar directed the government “to consider appropriate legislation” for triple talaq. “We hope and expect, that the contemplated legislation will also take into consideration advances in Muslim ‘personal law’ or the ‘Shariat’, as have been corrected by legislation the world over, even by theocratic Islamic States,” CJI Khehar wrote.

Justice Kurian Joseph, supporting Justices Nariman and Lalit, said he found it “extremely difficult to agree” with CJI Khehar. In his judgement, which delivered the deciding majority, Justice Joseph endorsed and reiterated the SC judgement of 2002 for a criminal appeal case' (Shamim Ara versus State of Uttar Pradesh) wherein the apex court had previously already invalidated a divorce by triple talaq.

We storified a thread of tweets put out on 22 August, 2017, to give you an insight on triple talaq and divorce statistics among religions in India.



Published Date: Aug 23, 2017 10:41 am | Updated Date: Aug 23, 2017 10:41 am


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