NEW DELHI India's market regulator said on Saturday it would ban "wilful defaulters" from standing on boards of listed companies or raising fresh funds by issuing securities to the public, as part of a crackdown on bad bank loans.
Wayward borrowers would also be barred from registering with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), its chairman U.K. Sinha told reporters after a meeting of its board in the capital.
"If you are a wilful defaulter, how can I say that you are fit to launch a mutual fund, you are fit to be a broker, you are fit to be a debenture trustee. So they will be debarred from all this," he told reporters," he added.
Indian banks, already burdened with their highest ratio of stressed assets in 13 years, saw a surge in their bad loans provisions last quarter.
Under Indian law, wilful defaulters are classified as firms or individuals who own large businesses and deliberately avoid repayments.
The regulator also barred the defaulters from taking control of other listed companies, though they will still be allowed to make a counter-offer if their firms were the target of a takeover.
Consulting firm EY gave the changes a guarded welcome, saying they could have side effects.
"Whilst cornering wilful defaulters is critical, the limitations it could inadvertently impose on asset recoveries needs to be thought through," EY's national leader for financial services, Abizer Diwanji, said.
Indian banks urgently need to reduce their troubled loans, a panel of lawmakers said last month, calling for measures that include bolstering bank credit-appraisal capabilities and making public the names of the main defaulters.
The new measures, due to come into effect in four to six weeks, come at a time when banks are piling pressure on Indian tycoon Vijay Mallya to repay more than $1 billion owed by his airline, which stopped flying in October 2012.
India's financial crime-fighting agency has summoned Mallya, who built his fortune with Kingfisher Beer, for questioning on March 18.
A spokesman for Mallya's holding company, UB Group, declined to comment on the summons on Friday, though Mallya said in a Twitter message that he would comply with domestic laws.
(Writing by Sumeet Chatterjee; Editing by Robert Birsel and Andrew Heavens)
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