India won their fourth consecutive Test series at home by defeating Australia in the fourth Test by eight wickets at Dharamsala. Australian captain Steve Smith won the toss for the third time in the series and decided to bat first. After losing Matt Renshaw early, Smith and David Warner added 134 runs for the second wicket. Kuldeep Yadav made his debut for India in this Test and played a crucial role in bowling out Australia in the first innings on the first day by picking up four important wickets.
The onus was now on Indian batsmen to get a decent first innings lead. Lokesh Rahul and Cheteshwar Pujara scored fifties but it was the partnership of 96 runs between Ravindra Jadeja and Wriddhiman Saha which aided India to take a lead of 32 runs. Indian pacers bowled their heart out in the second innings and dismissed Australia’s top three batsmen quickly before Glenn Maxwell and Matthew Wade fought hard. However, without enough support from other batsmen, they only managed to help Australia to set a target of 106 runs.
Lokesh Rahul scored his sixth half-century of the series and with Ajinkya Rahane’s quick knock at the end, India beat Australia and regained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy. Rahane became the second Indian captain to win his maiden match in all three formats of international cricket after Virender Sehwag.
Here’s a look at some of the records which were broken and created in the fourth Test.
Steve Smith became the second visiting captain to score three centuries in a Test series in India after Alastair Cook. He scored 111 runs in the first innings of this Test and with that he now holds the record of scoring the joint second most centuries by a visiting player in a Test series in India.
Smith has now scored 20 Test centuries from career’s first 54 Tests which is the third most by any players after Don Bradman and Sunil Gavaskar. He took the third least no. of Tests to score 20 Test centuries. Don Bradman took just 35 Tests to score 20 Test centuries.
Kuldeep Yadav became the first Chinaman bowler to represent India in Tests. Lakshan Sandakan is the only other Chinaman bowler from Asia. Kuldeep Yadav’s figures of 4 for 68 are the third best for any Chinaman bowler in his maiden Test innings.
Ravichandran Ashwin broke the record of taking the most number of wickets in a Test season when he scalped the wicket of Smith in the first innings. He ends the season with 82 wickets with a strike rate of 54.0 and an average of 25.28.
Pujara now holds the record for scoring the second most runs in a Test season. Only Ricky Ponting has scored more runs than him in a season. Pujara was the only Indian batsman to score 400-plus runs in this Test series.
Jadeja hit four sixes in the match and with that now he is at the third place in the list of players hitting most sixes in a Test season. The record rests with Adam Gilchrist, who hit 26 sixes in the 2004/05 Test season.
Jadeja became the third player in history of Test cricket to score 500-plus runs and take 50-plus wickets in a Test season. Kapil Dev and Mitchell Johnson achieved the same feat in 1979/80 and 2008/09 respectively.
Jadeja also became the tenth Indian player to achieve the double of 1000 Test runs and 100 Test wickets. He took 30 Tests to achieve the feat, which is the fifth least among Indians.
Nathan Lyon took five wickets in India’s first innings and with that now he is at the second place in the list of spinners who have claimed the most number of wickets against India in Tests. Muttiah Muralitharan holds the record of taking the most wickets against India in Tests as a spinner.
Lyon has now taken 34 wickets in Tests in India which is the joint second most among Australian bowlers. Among Australian bowlers, only Richie Benaud has taken more wickets in India than Nathan Lyon.
Rahul became the third Indian player to score five consecutive fifty-plus scores in Tests against Australia after Gundappa Viswanath and VVS Laxman. He also became the first Indian batsman to score six half-centuries in a Test series without scoring a century in that particular Test series.
India lost the first Test at Pune by 333 runs but they defeated Australia in the second Test at Bengaluru by 75 runs to level the series. The third Test match at Ranchi ended in a draw but by winning the fourth Test at Dharamsala, India won the series and this was just the fourth occasion in Indian Test cricket history that they won a series after losing the first match.
India won 10 Tests in 2016/17 which is the joint second most by any team in a Test season. India lost only one Test in 2016/17 Test season. On the other hand, Australia won 11 Tests in 2005/06 Test season, which is a record.
India have now won seven consecutive Test series which is the third most by any team. Only England and Australia have won more consecutive Test series than India.
India became the third team after Australia (twice) and South Africa to have a Test series win against all the oppositions at the same time.
Virat Kohli has now won seven consecutive Test series as a captain which is the joint second most by a captain. Steve Waugh won nine consecutive Test series as a captain which is the record.