Mumbai - The banking system moved a step closer to on-tap licensing with the Reserve Bank on Tuesday saying it will shortly announce guidelines for the same.
"In the weeks to come, you will see a fulfilment of our past announcements, including the release of guidelines for on-tap licensing of universal banks," Governor Rajan told analysts during the post-policy concall.
In the monetary policy document, the governor said in addition to the recently licensed differentiated banks such as payments banks and small finance banks, the Reserve Bank will also explore the option of licensing other differentiated banks such as custodian banks and banks for only whole-sale and long-term financing.
The RBI said a paper in this regard will be put out for comments by September for public and the industry to debate.
Whole-sale banking and custodian banks are not present in the country today, except for the representative offices of Western banks.
Custodian banks, more popularly known as custodians, are specialised financial institutions responsible for safeguarding a company's or individual's financial assets and is not engaged in "traditional" commercial or consumer/ retail banking.
Whole-sale banks provide services to organisations such as mortgage brokers, large corporate clients, mid-sized companies, real estate developers and investors, international trade finance and not to retail customers.
Since Rajan took over the mantle of the Mint Road in September 2013, two universal banks - infra-lender turned IDFC Bank and the micro-lender turned Bandhan Bank in FY15 - have been given licences. They have already started operations.
Again in 2015-16, he allowed as many as 11 payment banks and 10 small finance banks, in the first batch of differentiated banking licences, which are yet to get operational. Today's announcement makes the whole process of on-tap banking a step closer.
Meanwhile, RBI said it will come out with guidelines on 'Large exposures framework for lenders which will also deal with enhancing credit supply through market mechanism'.
The central bank said fresh discussion paper on this will be issued by April 30 on large borrowers meeting a part of their funding requirements from markets.
Deputy governor R Gandhi said the exposure guidelines primarily will be based on the lendable capital of the bank, adding "a draft circular on the large exposures framework will be issued for public comments in June and will be implemented by January 1, 2019."